1. “Consumers’ knowledge and beliefs about the safety of cigarette filters HASTRUP et al. 10 (1) 84 Tobacco Control”. 1970 04 14. Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  2. “The History of Filters”. Retrieved 2008 05 18.
  3. “British American Tobacco Cigarettes”. Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  4. “What are cigarettes and filters made of? Longwood University”. Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  5. “Cigarette Filter Danger”
  6. 1966 Lark cigarette commercial
  7. Rigotti NA, Tindle HA (March 2004). “The fallacy of “light” cigarettes”. BMJ 328 (7440) E278 9. doi 10.1136/bmj.328.7440.E278. PMC 2901853. PMID 15016715.
  8. Louis R. Carlozo (June 18, 2008). “Kicking butts How the butts stack up”. Chicago Tribune. “10 15 years length of time it takes a filter’s component fibers to break down they do not biodegrade”
  9. /
  10. a b
  11. Ceredigion County Council dead link
  12. Register KM (August 2000). “Cigarette Butts as Litter Toxic as Well as Ugly”. Underwater Naturalist, Bulletin of the American Littoral Society 25 (2).
  13. Pauly JL, Mepani AB, Lesses JD, Cummings KM, Streck RJ (March 2002). “Cigarettes with defective filters marketed for 40 years what Philip Morris never told smokers”. Tob Control 11 (Suppl 1) I51 61. doi 10.1136/ PMC 1766058. PMID 11893815. “Table 1 Chronology of events related to the marketing of cigarettes filters in the USA, and filter fibre and carbon particle “fall out” assays of Phillip Morris, Inc”
  14. International Coastal Cleanup 2006 Report, page 8 dead link

About fire-safe cigarettes

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Illustration John Roman

The established cigarette fire safety performance standard is based on ASTM E2187, which requires that no more than 25 percent of 40 cigarettes tested burn their full length when placed on 10 layers of standard filter paper. Photo National Institute of Standards and Technology.

What is a fire safe cigarette?
A fire safe cigarette has a reduced propensity to burn when left unattended. The most common fire safe technology used by cigarette manufacturers is to wrap cigarettes with two or three thin bands of less porous paper that act as “speed bumps” to slow down a burning cigarette. If a fire safe cigarette is left unattended, the burning tobacco will reach one of these speed bumps and self extinguish.

Fire safe cigarettes meet an established cigarette fire safety performance standard, based on ASTM E2187, Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes.

  • Read what Philip Morris USA says about fire safe cigarettes, ingredients, and the use of EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer emulsion based adhesive).
  • See what R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company says about the ingredients in fire safe cigarettes.

Fire safe cigarettes save lives
The good news is that improved standards for cigarette resistant materials in furniture and mattresses, and public education have all helped cut down the number of fires caused by smoking materials and have saved many lives.

It is also good news that deaths due to cigarette ignited fires are down by 21% from 2003, the latest year before any state implemented a fire safe cigarette law. The latest NFPA report on smoking related fires estimates that the decline will reach 30% by the time data is in from 2011 and every state has fully implemented a fire safe cigarette law.